哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star) 黑莓品种

评价 [ 4.1 ]

非常优质、高产、可机采、无刺的蔓生黑莓,果实坚实、甜美

植物学名称

Rubus subgenus Rubus Watson 'Columbia Star'

源自于一个十字路口的

源自于一个十字路口的 NZ 9629-1 x ORUS 1350-2

品种面额

品种面额 - 'Columbia Star' 经测试为 ORUS 3447-1

植物是

植物是 无荆棘

灌木丛有

灌木丛有 追踪 甘蔗

果实重量为

果实重量为 7 克

形状

浆果有一个 锥形 形状

果实习性

果实习性 - 花卉类果实(夏季结果的)。

花椰菜的开花期开始于

花椰菜的开花期开始于 第三周 5月

成熟日期(常规)-

成熟日期(常规)- 第二周 6月

生产力是

生产力是 7 每棵植物的公斤数

可溶性固体

可溶性固体 - 12.8%

酸度

酸度 - 1.6%

耐寒性是

耐寒性是 良好

耐热性是

耐热性是 中等水平

专利

专利 US PP 25,532 P2 日期 5月 09, 2015

目前状况

目前状况 - 过时或很少使用

原产国
原产国 - 美国

阿格瓦姆 (Agawam) 阿曼达 (Amanda) 阿纳斯塔西娅-韦伯里 (Anastasia Wyeberry) 阿帕奇 (Apache) 阿拉帕霍 (Arapaho) 婴儿蛋糕 (Babycakes APF-236T) 贝利 (Bailey) 黑布特 (Black Butte) 黑金刚 (Black Diamond) 黑宝石 (Black Gem) 黑杰克 (Black Jack) 黑魔法 (Black Magic) 黑珍珠 (Black Pearl) 黑色缎面 (Black Satin) 布莱克利 (Blakely) 小红莓 (Boysenberry) 布拉索斯 (Brazos) Caddo 切萨皮克 (Chesapeake) 切斯特-无刺 (Chester Thornless) 夏延 (Cheyenne) 奇卡索 (Chickasaw) 约瑟夫酋长 (Chief Joseph) 乔克托语 (Choctaw) 克拉克的黄金 (Clark's Gold) 哥伦比亚巨头 (Columbia Giant) 哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star) 哥伦比亚的日出 (Columbia Sunrise) COX的神奇浆果 (COX's miracle berry) Danna 道格拉斯 (Douglass) 多伊尔的无刺鱼 (Doyle's Thornless) 日蚀 (Eclipse) 常绿无刺 (Evergreen Thornless) 星系 (Galaxy) 霍尔之美 (Hall's Beauty) 天堂可以等待 (Heaven Can Wait A-1960) 海德里克 (Hedrick) HJ-6 HJ-7 船体无刺 (Hull Thornless) 伊利尼-哈迪 (Illiny Hardy) 凯利 (Kelly) 基奥瓦 (Kiowa) 小田 (Kotata) 罗格贝利 (Loganberry) 卢克莱西亚 (Lucretia) 玛丽安 (Marion) 玛丽-卡门 (Mary Carmen APF-122) Metolius MM01 纳奇兹 (Natchez) 纳瓦霍族 (Navaho) 内特尔顿奶油白 (Nettleton Creamy White) 纽伯瑞 (Newberry) 夜幕降临 (Nightfall) 黑曜岩 (Obsidian) 缟玛瑙 (Onyx) 奥萨奇 (Osage) 瓦奇塔 (Ouachita) 庞卡 (Ponca) Prime-Ark 45 Prime-Ark Freedom (Prime-Ark Horizon APF-268) Prime-Ark Traveler 骁勇善战 (Prime-Jan APF-8) 普雷姆 (Prime-Jim APF-12) 鲁本 (Reuben) 舒尔茨 (Schultz) 肖尼 (Shawnee) 西斯基尤 (Siskiyou) 平滑茎 (Smoothstem) 甜蜜派 (Sweetie Pie) 索恩弗里 (Thornfree) 三冠王 (Triple Crown) 暮光之城 (Twilight) 冯 (Von) 瓦尔多 (Waldo) 野生宝藏 (Wild Treasure) 威拉米特无刺马里昂 (Willamette Thornless Marion)


哥伦比亚之星是位于科瓦利斯的美国农业部-农业研究局(USDA-ARS)育种项目的一个无刺、蔓生黑莓栽培品种。
哥伦比亚之星是除拥有洛根型果实的原始林肯洛根和瓦伊姆以及拥有博森型果实的马拉豪之外,第一个发布的林肯洛根无刺源的黑莓。该育种计划的一个主要目标是开发一种无刺黑莓,产量高,果实质量与马里昂黑莓相似。哥伦比亚之星的鲜果被评为具有比目前行业标准中的任何一个更好的坚固性。虽然还没有进行商业评估,但哥伦比亚之星的果实有足够的硬度,可以在当地的新鲜市场上销售,但还不能确定其硬度是否足以用于新鲜的批发运输。
果实颜色的评价与黑金刚果实相似,比马里昂的果实更黑。哥伦比亚之星和马里昂作为新鲜水果在果实质地和风味方面的评价相似,都被认为比黑钻石好。在风味方面,哥伦比亚之星的评价最高,与马里昂相当,比黑钻石好。黑钻石因其产量、机器可收割性和普遍良好的果实质量而成为业界最受欢迎的品种,但许多人认为它的风味可以更好。
平均果重约为7克。平均产量约为每株7公斤。哥伦比亚之星在蔓生黑莓的季中早期(7月初)成熟,比切斯特无刺半直立黑莓早1个多月。在蔓生栽培品种中,哥伦比亚之星的收获开始时间与黑钻石一样早,比马里昂早几天,但达到收获的中点比黑钻石早5天,比马里昂早3天(从7月初到7月底)。哥伦比亚之星栽培品种的生命力很强,与马里昂相当,花叶和初乳比黑钻石更有活力。
哥伦比亚之星的核种对番茄环斑病毒、烟草环斑病毒、苹果花叶病毒、李子坏死环斑病毒、樱桃卷叶病毒、覆盆子环斑病毒、阿拉伯花叶病毒、番茄黑环病毒、草莓坏死休克病毒、覆盆子灌木矮化病毒的检测是阴性的。通过酶联免疫吸附试验,对覆盆子叶斑病毒、覆盆子潜伏病毒、覆盆子黄网病毒、黑莓黄脉相关病毒、黑莓病毒Y和黑莓褪色环斑病毒的反转录聚合酶链反应检测为阴性。
耐冬性约为零下17摄氏度。
表1. 俄勒冈州立大学北威拉米特研究和推广中心的产量和平均浆果重量(2009年种植的)
Cultivar Berry weight, g Yield, kg/plant
2011 2012 2013
Columbia Star 7.6 7.8 6.17 8.52
Black Diamond 6.0 7.32 2.18 3.03
Marion 5.5 6.71 4.95 5.12
表2. 主观评价的黑钻石、哥伦比亚之星和马里昂黑莓的果实质量特征(2009年种植,等级从1到9,其中9为最佳表现)。
Cultivar Columbia Star Black Diamond Marion
Firmness 7.6 6.7 4.1
Color 8.3 8.0 7.4
Shape 8.5 8.3 5.3
Texture 8.3 6.8 8.1
Flavor 8.1 6.4 8.4
表3. 哥伦比亚之星、黑钻、马里昂和切斯特无刺品种的可溶性固体、pH值和可滴定酸度(2011-2013年)
Cultivar Soluble solids, % Titratable acidity, % pH
Columbia Star 12.74 1.54 3.19
Black Diamond 10.28 1.22 3.38
Chester Thornless 11.69 1.05 3.28
Marion 12.57 1.56 3.21
表4. 收获季节(2011-2013年的平均数)
Cultivar Ripening
First (5%) Peak (50%) Last (95%)
Columbia Star July 3 July 12 July 24
Black Diamond July 3 July 17 July 26
Chester Thornless August 5 August 28 Sept. 25
Marion July 8 July 15 July 24

哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star)  是甜的吗?

黑莓 哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star) 是甜的吗?

哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star) 的黑莓大多具有甜味
如何栽培黑莓

如何栽培黑莓 哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star)?

1. Include annual preemergence and postemergence herbicide applications;
2. Include annual spring nitrogen (N) fertilization (about 78 kg/ha) using ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3);
3. Postharvest removal of floricanes;
4. Sprinkler irrigation apply weekly during the growing season;
5. Training of primocanes to a two-wire-trellis;
6. A single application of liquid lime sulfur (94 L/ha) each spring at budbreak for control of anthracnose;
7. Use sun shelters.
抗病能力

黑莓是什么疾病 哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star) 抵抗?

哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star) 具有非常好的抗病性,如 玫瑰型或双花型
疾病的易感性

什么疾病是 黑莓品种 哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star) 容易受到伤害?

哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star) 是相当容易的疾病,如 孢子叶病和甘蔗斑病, 橙锈色, 穗状疱疹或紫斑病(Didymella Applanata)。

品种的评论 哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star)

评论来自 [GROWER]

My Columbia Star blackberry. Ready to bloom and give first yield. Plant is not vigorous.

评论来自 [DREW51]

Last year a few of us went in on an order. As time went on some reported good growth, but mine were just kind of sitting there. But by the end of the year mine took off and I didn’t even notice. Yesterday I was tying the canes up from being covered in leaves. Well the plant had 9 canes! Holy Moly! Three rooted themselves! I kept one and destroyed the other two. Technically I’m probably required to destroy all but a good case of mother nature can be argued here. I didn’t intend to root any (the plant is patented).
Trying to put my wyeberry, boysenberry and tayberry canes on the trellis was futile as I kept braking huge pieces of cane off trying to move them. I’m going to have to leave them on the ground. I gave up! Plus the things are so thorny! Yikes! The thorns catching on everything too.
Whereas Columbia Star remained very flexible and was easy peasy to put on the trellis! Removing the leaves was a problem, but just pulling Columbia Star out of them was easy, not so with the others. I probably lost 50 berries yesterday trying to move the others.
I hope it tastes as good as they say, as this thornless flexible bramble is super easy to work with. I may scrape the other trailing types and just keep this one, Black diamond is similar, but the canes looked more damaged, and were not as flexible, although also thornless. Not as productive either with only 4 canes. Like Columbia Star it is a new plant and this is the first winter.
I will keep them all and experiment and see if I can find ways to work with the others. Overall though Columbia Star is a star I’m really happy to have this one!
I need a blackberry that has the complex raspberry-blackberry hybrid taste. Can take -19F temps and still be productive. Or can easily be protected. And is easy to work with. So far only Columbia Star meets my needs. The uprights are hard to protect, the other trailing are not flexible enough, and are turning out to be hard to work with. Any suggestions here welcome! Nothing is meeting my needs except Columbia Star.
One good observation was that burying the trailing types in leaves did protect them. Canes are green, some even have whole leaves.
On the uprights spraying them with wilt-stop, putting burlap around them (The burlap was not on them that well) also seemed to have protected them. All canes exposed look dead, but where I wrapped them with burlap look green and alive. Even though it was a very poor job of wrapping. A definite difference in color where wrapped.

评论来自 [GLOBAL PLANT GENETICS]

Columbia Star is an exciting, early season blackberry that delivers an excellent combination of superlative flavour with very high yields.

评论来自 [访客]

This cultivar grew in a pot. Very weak plant. Constant chlorosis, even with regular fertilizing. Extremely poorly tolerate to waterlogging. Canes are not thick, leaves are soft and easily affected by diseases and a lot of pests. Leafroller and spider mite very like this soft leaves.

关于品种的讨论 哥伦比亚星报 (Columbia Star)

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