Rubus subgenus Rubus Watson 'Caingua'
Originated from a cross of Caingangue x Selection 2/96
Variety denomination - 'Caingua', tested as Black 212
Plants are thorny
Bushes have erect canes
Fruit weight is 7 g
Berries have a conical shape
Fruiting habit - floricane fruiting (summer-bearing)
Productivity is 1.8 kg per plant
Soluble solids - 8.9%
Cold hardiness is low
Heat tolerance is low
Country of origin - Brazil
Current status - modern or widely used
The stem of Caingua is erect to semi-erect, with short internodes. It has fewer and smaller thorns than Tupi or Xingu. The plants have low to medium vigor but are very productive. Leaves are light green with small stipules. As the plants are less vigorous than Tupi, they can be planted at a higher density.
Harvest begins in the third week of November and lasts on second week of January (Brazil area, Southern hemisphere).
The fruits of cultivar Caingua are elongated (30 mm in length and 18 mm in width), have a good appearance and pleasant taste for the fresh market. Average weight of berries is 7 g. Average yield is 1.9 kg per plant. The firmness and gloss of the fruits are medium.
Caingua has 8% color reversion after seven days of storage at 5 C, 17% after 14 days and 18% after 21 days.
The plants are not resistant, but less susceptible to rust than Tupi.
Caingua is recommended as additional or substituting variety for growers, who cultivate very popular Tupi variety in Southern hemisphere.
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